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Ethiopian Art: The Walters Art Museum 2001. Deborah E. Horowitz, ed. Lingfield, Surry: Third Millennium Publishing Limited.

Heldman, Marilyn 1984. “The Role of the Devotional Image in Emperor Zar’a Ya’eqob’s Cult of Mary.” Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of Ethiopian Studies: 131-142

—.1994. The Marian Icons of the Painter Fre Seyon. A Study in Fifteenth-Century Ethiopian Art, Patronage, and Spirituality. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.

Lepage, Claude 1977. “Histoire de l’ancienne peinture éthiopienne (Xe-XVe siècle). Résultats des missions de 1971 à 1977.” Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 121e année, N. 2: 325-376.

Leroy, Jules 1967. Ethiopian Painting in the late Middle Ages and during the Gondar Dynasty. New York: Frederic A. Praeger.

Mercier,  Jacques 2000. L’Arche éthiopienne, art chrétien d’Éthiopie 27 septembre 2000-7 janvier 2001. Paris: Paris Musées

—(undated.) Analysis of McCarthy Manuscript BM 1574, in files of McCarthy Personal Collection

—(undated.) “Long Cycle” illustrations of the Life of Christ (14th-15th Centuries), in files of McCarthy Personal Collection.

Pankhurst, Richard 1961. An Introduction to the Economic History of Ethiopia from early times to 1800. London: Lalibela House

—(ed.) 1967. The Ethiopian Royal Chronicles. London: Oxford University Press.

Pierpont Morgan Library, “MS M.828, fol. 15r,” accessed August 1, 2016,

Fogg, Sam undated. Miracles of Mary Together with the Mäs’hafä Ser’at. Also Weddasê Maryam, the First Section of the Revelation of the Miracle [Ra’eyyä Tämmer] and the Anaphora of Mary, courtesy of Dr. Martin Schøyen and the Schøyen Collection.

UNESCO, 1961. Ethiopia. Illuminated Manuscripts. New York: New York Graphic Society.


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